Catecahassa or Black Hoof
(c. 1740–1831)

was the head civil chief of the Shawnee Indians in the Ohio Country of what became the United States. A member of the Mekoche division of the Shawnees, Black Hoof became known as a fierce warrior during the early wars between the Shawnee and Anglo-American colonists. Black Hoof claimed to have been present at the Battle of the Monongahela in 1755, when General Edward Braddock was defeated during the French and Indian War, although there is no contemporary evidence that Shawnees took part in that battle.
(From Wikipedia)

Little is known about the early years of Black Hoof. It is estimated he was born in 1717 in northwest Ohio. Although it is not confirmed, historians believe that Black Hoof took part in St. Clair's and Harmar's defeats. Black Hoof took part in the fighting at the Battle of Fallen Timbers along with the Chickamauga in 1794. Black Hoof and his sub chief, Captain Reed (Hahgoosekaw a.k.a.We-a-se-sa-ka), represented the Shawnee at the signing of the Treaty of Greenville in August 3, 1795.Gen. Anthony Wayne urged Capt. Reed to force the Chickamauga who had lived among the Ohio Shawano to return south by 1796.This was the same year that, Captain Reed's wife Sara Reed came to South Carolina and was unlawfully captured by Major William Price one of General"Mad Anthony's" men. She sued successfully for her freedom in the courts of South Carolina as recorded in 1823 (see Judicial Cases Concerning Slavery by Catterral p.324)

Black Hoof used his influence with the Shawnee, and encouraged the Shawnee to adopt the way of living of the whites. By 1808, farms were established and a Quaker visitor to Wapakoneta reported that over 200 acres  were being farmed, there were several head of cattle and hogs and other improvements included the construction of a saw mill and a grist mill. In  1817 Black Hoof and Captain Reed a.k.a. We-A-Se-Sa-Ka appeared on a Wapakonetta land treaty together among other Shawnee (Savanah Indians).

Black Hoof supported peace with the Americans and encouraged the Shawnee to do the same. However, conflicts between the Shawnee and the Americans continued. In 1826, Black Hoof organized the Shawnee at an emigration camp set up at Wapokaneta. 250 Shawnee left for the Kansas territory. The migration took over a year and one half and was a difficult journey. At some point, Black Hoof returned to Wapokaneta and he died there in 1831.

Footnotes for the Family History Page:

Nanticoke family names mentioned above maybe researched names at the following website:

Church Records from the Church of the Latter Day Saints state Sarah/Elizabeth married John Reed son of Captain Reed and had her son was christened in Charleston (see above information on Captain Reed). Much of the above family information is from the archives of the Church of the Latter Day Saints.

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